Διαφωτιστὲς ρατσιστές.

Στὸν τοῖχο φίλου, ἕνας ἀρκετὰ ἐριστικὸς φίλος του γράφει σχόλια-ὁλόκληρα κείμενα, χωρὶς παραθέματα, γιὰ νὰ πείσει ὅτι ὁ ρατσισμὸς δὲν ἔχει σχέση μὲ τὸν Διαφωτισμὸ ἀλλὰ μὲ τοὺς πρὶν ἀπὸ αὐτὸν (τοὺς μεσαιωνικοὺς Χριστιανούς) καὶ τοὺς μετὰ αὐτόν (τοὺς καπιταλιστές). Βαρέθηκα τόσο πολύ, ποὺ δὲν ἀράδιασα τὴν πραμάτεια μου. Ἀλλὰ τὴν παραθέτω ἐδῶ, καὶ ἡ βαρεμάρα μὲ τέτοιους ἀνθρώπους («μορφωμένους») μὲ ἀποτρέπει ἀκόμη ἀπὸ τὴν παράθεση τῶν πηγῶν:

ΚΑΝΤ

The Negroes of Africa have by nature no feeling that rises above the trifling. Mr. Hume challenges anyone to cite a single example in which a Negro has shown talents, and asserts that among the hundreds of thousands of blacks who are transported elsewhere from their countries, although many of them have even been set free, still not a single one was every found who presented anything great in art or science or any other praiseworthy quality, even though among the whites some continually rise aloft from the lowest rabble, and through superior gifts earn respect in the world. So fundamental is the difference between these two races of man, and it appears to be as great in regard to mental capacities as in colour. The religion of fetishes so widespread among them is perhaps a sort of idolatry that sinks as deeply into the trifling as appears to be possible to human nature. A bird’s feather, a cow’s horn, a conch shell, or any other common object, as soon as it becomes consecrated by a few words, is an object of veneration and of invocation in swearing oaths. The blacks are very vain but in the Negro’s way, and so talkative that they must be driven apart from each other with thrashings.

HUME

I am apt to suspect the Negroes to be naturally inferior to the Whites. There scarcely ever was a civilized nation of that complexion, nor even any individual, eminent either in action or speculation. No ingenious manufactures amongst them, no arts, no sciences. On the other hand, the most rude and barbarous of the Whites, such as the ancient Germans, the present Tartars, have still something eminent about them, in their valour, form of government, or some other particular. Such a uniform and constant difference could not happen, in so many countries and ages, if nature had not made an original distinction between these breeds of men. Not to mention our colonies, there are Negro slaves dispersed all over Europe, of whom none ever discovered the symptoms of ingenuity; though low people, without education, will start up amongst us, and distinguish themselves in every profession. In Jamaica, indeed, they talk of one Negro as a man of parts and learning; but it is likely he is admired for slender accomplishments, like a parrot who speaks a few words plainly.

VOLTAIRE

It is a serious question among them whether they [Africans] are descended from monkeys or whether the monkeys come from them. Our wise men have said that man was created in the image of God. Now here is a lovely image of the Divine Maker: a flat and black nose with little or hardly any intelligence. A time will doubtless come when these animals will know how to cultivate the land well, beautify their houses and gardens, and know the paths of the stars: one needs time for everything.

All of the other people have committed crimes, the Jews are the only ones who have boasted about committing them. They are, all of them, born with raging fanaticism in their hearts, just as the Bretons and the Germans are born with blond hair. I would not be in the least bit surprised if these people would not some day become deadly to the human race.

JEFFERSON

Comparing them [τοὺς Μαύρους] by their faculties of memory, reason, and imagination, it appears to me, that in memory they are equal to the whites; in reason much inferior, as I think one could scarcely be found capable of tracing and comprehending the investigations of Euclid; and that in imagination they are dull, tasteless, and anomalous

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