It was an issue of supply and demand. If science and technology was needed in the Islamic world with less political and financial power, developments in the rational sciences would have increasingly continued as they did in the Islamic golden age.
Δηλαδή, τὸ κανόνι, ὅταν τὸ Ἰσλὰμ ἐπεκτεινόταν, ἦταν ἰσλαμικὴ ἐφεύρεση; Κάθε ἄλλο.
If a region weakens, loses its power and population, then certain professions increasingly sink into oblivion until they disappear because they are not financially supported. The crowded and prosperous cities such as Baghdad, Cordoba, Kairouan, Basra and Kufa in the first century of Islam were the centers of civilization and science. When these cities’ populations dropped, prosperous thinking, civilization and science shifted to other Islamic regions like Persia and Central Asia.
Περίεργο, νόμιζα ὅτι ἡ Ἰστανμπούλ ἦταν ἀπὸ τὶς πιὸ μεγάλες πληθυσμιακὰ πόλεις τῆς Μεσογείου καὶ τῆς Εὐρώπης. Ὅμως, δὲν εἶχε τὴν ἐπιστημονικὴ ἀνάπτυξη τῆς Βαγδάτης ἢ τοῦ Κάιρου.
Toward the end of the 15th century, wisdom and science reached such a point that was hard to improve, impossible even. Until that period there were hardly any scientific advances either in the Islamic world or medieval Europe. To shake itself, it was necessary to eliminate the previous order. Europe achieved this by discoveries that made it rich and increased its population. So what happened to make Muslims fall behind in science?
…ἀλλὰ ὄχι Ὀσμανοὶ καὶ Τουρκομάνοι νομάδες. Αὐτοὶ ἔφεραν τὸν πολιτισμό.
–Crusaders: To take Jerusalem and other holy cities from the Muslims, a total of seven crusades were organized between 1096 and 1291.
Ὅμως, μιλᾶμε γιὰ τὸν 15ο-16ο αἰώνα, κι ὄχι γιὰ τὸν 12ο. Οἱ Σταυροφόροι εἶχαν ἀπωθηθεῖ ἀπὸ τὸν 12ο-13ο αἰ. ἀπὸ τὴν Παλαιστίνη.
-Trade routes: The trade routes such as the Silk Road lost their importance with the European Age of Discovery. The income distribution between Europe and Islamic regions drastically changed.
Καὶ γιατί δὲν ἔσπευσε τὸ Ἰσλὰμ νὰ ἐπωφεληθεῖ ἀπὸ τοὺς νέους ἐμπορικοὺς δρόμους ἢ νὰ ἀνοίξει τοὺς δικούς του, νέους;