more than 100 Roman coins and their imitations of the Eastern Roman Empire have been discovered along the Silk Road in China and that their existence in China, along with the records of ancient Chinese and Roman sources, strongly support the close relationship between the Eastern Roman Empire and China. Research shows that Roman coins came to China along the Silk Road, thanks to business and diplomatic activities of the intermediaries, mainly the Persians, Turks, and Sogdians; however, we cannot deny the possibility that they were carried by the Romans. The archaeological discoveries show that they fulﬁlled different functions in ancient China, including funeral customs, ornamentation and possibility of circulation and collection. A number of Chinese and foreign scholars have done plenty of research on the coins, the routes they took to China, and their functions.
μὲ πολὺ ψαγμένη κινεζικὴ βιβλιογραφία.